What is bipolar I disorder?
If you have bipolar I disorder or care about someone
who does, you know firsthand how hard it can be. Like other types of mental illness,
bipolar I disorder is a disorder of the brain.
Bipolar I disorder is a serious illness. And it does
not go away. With bipolar I disorder, there may be times
when you feel like you’re in the driver’s seat. You know where you’re going and
how to get there. At other times, you may feel like you’ve hit bumps in the road.
Throughout your life, you will need to manage the symptoms. Learn more about the symptoms of bipolar I
Diagnosing bipolar I disorder
A person may have symptoms for years before receiving a correct diagnosis of bipolar
I disorder. For many people with bipolar
I disorder, the path to a diagnosis is long and hard.
Causes of bipolar I
disorder Scientists are working hard to find the causes of bipolar I disorder. But so far they still do not
know exactly what causes it. Like other illnesses, bipolar I
disorder may have several causes. Most experts believe that it is caused by a combination
Here is what is believed about the causes of bipolar I
- Differences in brain chemistry and structure may be involved. Some imaging studies
show that the brains of people with bipolar I disorder
are different from the brains of people without it
- Bipolar I disorder is known to run in families. Studies
show that genes play a role in the disorder
- In someone at genetic risk for bipolar I disorder, a
stressful event—such as the loss of a loved one, an illness, money problems,
or other major life changes—may set off the first episode of the disorder
- In some people, drug or alcohol use may trigger the disorder. Learn steps you can take for healthy living
Counseling and the help of a support team may make a difference for people living with bipolar I disorder.
Taking medicine may also be important. Learn more.
Be aware of triggers
Certain events (such as a death in the family or a job loss) and certain behaviors
(such as drug or alcohol use) may cause symptoms to appear or to get worse. Watch
for triggers in your family member or friend.
Read showing your support
to learn why it’s important to have a plan for getting help.
SAPHRIS is a prescription medicine approved for the acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder in adults. It may be taken alone or with lithium or valproate.
Important Risk Information
Elderly people with dementia-related psychosis (having lost touch with reality due to confusion and memory loss) taking antipsychotic drugs, including SAPHRIS, are at an increased risk for death. SAPHRIS is not approved for treating people with dementia-related psychosis.
An increased risk for stroke and ministroke has been reported in elderly people with dementia-related psychosis.
Serious allergic reaction: Do not take SAPHRIS (asenapine) if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. Get emergency medical help if you think you are having an allergic reaction. Symptoms may include difficulty breathing; itching; swelling of the face, tongue, or throat; or light-headedness.
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS): Stop taking SAPHRIS and call your healthcare provider right away if you have high fever; stiff muscles; confusion; changes in pulse, heart rate, or blood pressure; or sweating. These can be symptoms of a rare but potentially fatal side effect called NMS.
Tardive dyskinesia (TD): Tell your healthcare provider if you cannot control the movements of your face, tongue, or other body parts. These could be signs of a serious and sometimes permanent side effect called TD. TD may not go away, even if you stop taking SAPHRIS. TD may also start after you stop taking SAPHRIS.
SAPHRIS can cause problems with your metabolism, which may increase your risk for heart disease or stroke, such as:
Also tell your healthcare provider if:
- High blood sugar and diabetes: If you have diabetes or risk factors for diabetes (such as being overweight or a family history of diabetes), your blood sugar should be tested before you start SAPHRIS and regularly during treatment. Complications of diabetes can be serious and even life threatening. Tell your healthcare provider if you have symptoms of high blood sugar or diabetes, such as feeling very thirsty or very hungry, urinating more than usual, or feeling weak.
Increased blood cholesterol or triglycerides: Your healthcare provider may decide to check your cholesterol and triglyceride levels during your treatment with SAPHRIS.
- Weight gain: Your healthcare provider should check your weight regularly.
Other important information to remember:
- You have or had low white blood cell counts, because low white blood cell counts and related conditions have been reported with SAPHRIS and similar medicines
- You have any reactions under your tongue (where you place SAPHRIS), such as sores, blisters, peeling/sloughing or inflammation, because these reactions have been reported with SAPHRIS
- You have certain heart conditions such as irregular heartbeats, or take certain medicines that can cause irregular heartbeats, because SAPHRIS should be avoided in these circumstances
- You have a seizure disorder, have had seizures, or have conditions that increase your risk for seizures
- You are taking or plan to take prescription and over-the-counter medicines, because there is a risk for drug interactions with SAPHRIS
- You have thoughts of suicide or of hurting yourself or others. If you have these thoughts at any time, tell your healthcare provider or go to an emergency room right away
- You have or have had swallowing problems, because SAPHRIS and medicines like it have been associated with swallowing problems
- You experience a lack of menstrual periods, leaking or enlarged breasts, or impotence, because SAPHRIS and medicines like it may raise the levels of prolactin. The levels may continue to be high when SAPHRIS is used over time
- You are pregnant or planning to get pregnant while taking SAPHRIS
- Get up slowly after sitting or lying down to avoid getting dizzy, especially at the start of treatment, or when your dose is increased. Light-headedness or faintness caused by a sudden change in heart rate and blood pressure when rising quickly from a sitting position has been reported with SAPHRIS
- Do NOT drive or use dangerous machines until you know how SAPHRIS affects you, because SAPHRIS and medicines like it can affect your judgment, thinking, and motor skills
- Be careful when exercising or when doing things likely to cause dehydration or make you warm, because SAPHRIS may make you more sensitive to heat. You may have trouble cooling off
- Do NOT drink alcohol
- Breastfeeding is NOT recommended
- The most common side effects that occurred with SAPHRIS were sleepiness, dizziness, uncontrolled movements of the body and face, muscle stiffness, weight gain, numbing of the mouth, and restlessness
This is not a complete summary of safety information. Please discuss the full
including Boxed Warning, for SAPHRIS with your doctor.
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit
www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call